Human trafficking is a global problem. It involves recruitment, harbouring or transporting people into a situation of exploitation through the use of violence, deception or coercion and forcing them to work against their will. Human trafficking is a process of enslaving people, coercing them into a situation with no way out, and exploiting them.
People can be trafficked for many different forms of exploitation, such as forced prostitution, child sexual exploitation and forced labour.
Traffickers recruit, transport and exploit their victims for the sole purpose of personal gain, often to make large amounts of money, or to obtain free services or labour.
Traffickers target people from all social and economic backgrounds. There is no one ‘face of human trafficking’. However, the majority of victims of human trafficking are women and children, and factors such as poverty and lack of opportunities increase potential victims’ susceptibility to being trafficked.