24.9 million people
are trapped in modern-day slavery around the world (ILO)
Every year, human trafficking involves
5.5 million children
of human trafficking victims worldwide are female (ILO).
generated in illegal profits each year by global sex trafficking (ILO)
The huge influx of tourists and sporting fans to a country during a major sporting event increases the risk of children and vulnerable people being abused, exploited and trafficked (University of Dundee, ‘Let’s Win This Game Together: Documenting violations of children’s rights around the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil.’)
The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation (UNODC).
Any actual or attempted abuse of position of vulnerability, differential power or trust, for sexual purposes, including, but not limited to, profiting monetarily, socially or politically from the sexual exploitation of another (UN). Mostly women and girls are coerced into sex work or sexually abusive situations where victims are placed into off-street brothels, forced to see many clients, and receive either little or no money. Often, victims of sexual exploitation moved around the country to different pop-up brothels.
All work or service which is exacted from any person under the threat of a penalty and for which the person has not offered themselves voluntarily (ILO). Often people are lured to their ‘employment’ by false promises of a better life, and can’t leave because of threats or debt bondage. Victims are forced to work very long hours and hand over all of their wages to their traffickers or controllers.
Child Sexual Exploitation and Abuse
Physical abuse of a child, such as rape; sexual assault or other physical contact of a sexual nature with a child; grooming a child as a precursor to sexual activity; the exploitative use of children in prostitution or other unlawful sexual exploitation; the making, sharing or viewing of indecent images and videos of children (National Crime Agency).